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for dog owners even dogo canario (perro de presa canario), about hip dysplazia, choosing puppy…
 
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Breed Standard of the
Presa Canario
 
I. DENOMINATION AND SYNONIMY
Denomination: PRESA CANARIO
Synonimy: In Tenerife he is also called “Perro Basto”, or
“Verdino”, for those specimens with brindle coat.
 
II. ORIGIN AND DIFFUSION OF THE BREED
Molosser dog original to the Canary Islands. In the
Agreements of the Council of Tenerife, in the Ordinances of
Tenerife, and in the Agreements of the Council of
Fuerteventura, since the XVI Century, there is evidence,
among other dog breeds, about “presa” (catch) type dogs.
The most logical conclusion is to think that this dog was
introduced into the Canaries by the Spanish conquerors and
settlers. Then, thanks to time and isolation it led to a
completely different breed. It should also be considered
that, because of the influence of other bull-breeds imported
from other countries (Great Britain, Cuba, etc.), his typology
was in someway modified.
It is certain that this catch dog, of voluminous body and
head, quite lymphatic, and of extraordinary temperament,
was utilized in the Canarian Archipelago for the guarding
of farms, for the custody of the bovine cattle and as
an auxiliary of the butcher for the sacrifice of the bovines.
Through this evolution, since the end of the XIX Century, of
what we may consider the modern presa dog breed, is
drawn the outline from a breed point of view, of the influence
of the Majorero cattle dog or Bardino Majorero, who is the
one that gives him that peculiar characteristic which makes
the Presa Canario different from the other molosser breeds.
In the last decades he has been frequently used as fighting
dog.
The uninterrupted work of breeding has managed that the
Presa Canario is now widely spread and at the present
moment is bred and selected with the concept of a breed.
 
III. GENERAL ASPECT AND CHARACTER
 
1. Overall description (general characteristics )
Medium sized, eumetric dog, with a straight profile. Of rustic
appearance and well-proportioned. It is a mesomorph whose
trunk is longer than its height at its withers. The bitches are
of slightly longer lines.
Massive head, of square shape and wide cranium. The
upper lips cover the lower ones. Black mouth lining. Strong
teeth, of wide implantation and well inserted. Brown eyes, of
medium size. Highly set ears. Cylindrical neck, very
muscular and covered with a thick loose, elastic skin. Double
dewlap, not excessive. Highly set tail. Wide and very ample
chest. Moderately tucked belly. Perfectly composed front
limbs with wide and strong bones and pronounced
angulations which guarantee a good cushioning and a long
trot . Cat-like feet. Powerful, muscular back limbs, with
medium angulations and correctly composed, with cat-like
feet slightly longer than the front ones. Thick elastic skin.
Short hair, with no undercoat, slightly rough. Brindle, fawn
and black. Generally black mask.
 
2. Character and aptitude
His aspect is very powerful. Harsh gaze. Especially gifted for
the guard and defense tasks and traditionally for bovine
cattle herding. Strong temperament. Able fighter, behaviour
that shows for atavism. Deep and serious bark. Is tame and
noble in the family and distrustful of strangers. In the past he
was especially used as fighting dog.
 
IV. MORPHOLOGY
 
1. Height to the withers
Males: from 61 to 66 cm. ( from 24 to 26 inches)
Females: from 57 to 62 cm. (from 22.4 to 24.4 inches)
The specimens that may exceed the height limits should
show a correct proportion between the size of the limbs and
the volume of the trunk.
 
2. Head
Of brachiocephalic type. Cuboid tendency. Solid
appearance. The proportion cranium-face is of 6 to 4. The
frontal-nasal depression is slighly pronounced.
Average length: 25 cm. (9.8 inches)
 
2.1 Cranium
Convex from front to back and crosswise. Flat frontal bone.
Very pronounced zygomatic arch, with a great development
of the temporal and mastoid muscles of the suborbital
region. The middle furrow between the frontal sinuses is
marked. The occipital crest is pratically erased by the nape
muscles.
Average cepahlic perimeter: 60 cm. (23.6 inches)
 
2.2 Muzzle
Shorter than the cranium. Normally, 40% of the whole head.
It is very wide, in prolongation of the craium. The craniofacial
lines are parallel or slightly convergent.
 
2.3 Nose
Wide, strongly pigmented black. With well opened orifices
 
2.4 Lips
Of medium thickness and fleshy. The upper slightly hanging
and in their conjunction, seen in front, they form an inverted
V. The mucous membranes are of dark colour, but can be in
shades of pink, darker being more desirable. Normally he
does not drool.
 
2.5 Jaws
Teeth with a very strong implantation and well inserted.
Generally he does not show prognathism. Scissors or level
bite. The incisives and the canines should be well set and
aligned. The canines show wide transverse distance.
 
3. Eyes
Big, rounded, nor sunken nor bulging eyes. Well separated.
The color ranges between the medium and dark brown
according to the coat color.
Eyelids pigmented black, sticked.
 
4. Ears
Hanging when are complete. Of abrupt start and medium
sized, highly inserted. They are kept flat on the cranium or
folded in rose shape. When they are cropped, according to
tradition, they stand erected or semi-erected and of
triangular shape. The specimen with complete ears will
compete equally with those having cropped ears.
 
5. Neck
Cylindrical, straight, massive and very muscular, especially
in the upper part. Is somewhat short and his inferior part
shows loose skin which contributes to the formation of a
slightly dewlap.
Average length: between 18 to 20 cm. (from 7.1 to 7.9
inches).
 
6. Front limbs
Perfectly composed, with wide bones and covered by
powerful and visible muscles. The elbows should not be nor
too much affixed to the rib cage nor pointing outwards. Catlike,
tight feet. Solid nails, black or white, depending on the
coat color.
Average of the forearm: 23 cm. (9.1 inches)
Average of the front limbs bone: 14 cm. (5.5 inches)
 
7. Trunk
Its length normally exceeds the height to the withers by
about 10% to 12%. Wide chest and of great amplitude with
well marked pectoral muscles. Seen in profile it must reach
at least to the elbow. The thoracic perimiter will be normally
equal to the height at the withers more a 1/3 of the same,
even if it is desirable to exceed this proportion. Very arched
ribs. The overall thoracic build has a cylindrical tendency.
Average thoracic perimeter: 88 cm. (34.6 inches)
 
7.1 Top-line
Straight, slighly ascending towards the croup. Apparent
saddle on the back, just behind the withers.
 
7.2 Croup
Straight, medium and wide. The height at the croup is
generally 1,5 cm. (0.6 inches) higher than that at the withers.
 
7.3 Flanks
Slightly marked, barely perceptible
 
7.4 Belly
Moderately tucked drawing an arched line in prolongation of
the rib cage.
 
7.5 Sexual organs
The male should show a complete and perfect development
of both testicles. The scrotum should be tucked.
 
8. Tail
Of high insertion, flexible, thick at start, it goes narrowing till
the hock. In action, it rises in shape of a saber, with its end
towards the front, but without coiling.
 
9. Back limbs
Powerful, perfectly composed frontally and in profile. Long
and very muscular thighs. Medium angulations. Cat-like feet.
Normally he does not show any spurs. Low hooks and
without deviations.
The presence of the spur may take away score, but it is not
an eliminatory fault.
 
10. Coat
 
10.1 Hair
 
Short in all its length, generally thicker at the withers, throat
and crest of the buttocks. Without undercoat. Compact in
correspondence of the tail. Of rustic aspect, it shows some
harshness to the touch.
 
10.2 Colour
All range of brindle, from the very warm dark to the very light
grey or blond. Black. All range of fawn, till the sandy.
Occasionally it may show markings around the neck which
may arrive till the cranium (“acollarados”), in the extremities
(“calzados”), even if it is desirable that the presence of the
white is as reduced as possible.
Generally shows white markings on the chest, little or big
ones. The mask is always of dark colour and may arrive till
the height of the eyes.
 
11. Weight
Average of the males: from 45 to 57 Kg. (from 99 to 125 lbs.)
Average of the females: from 40 to 50 kg. (from 88 to 110
lbs. )
 
12. Faults
 
12.1 Slight faults
Height at the croup equal to the height at the withers.
Slight prognathism.
Excessive wrinkles in the craniofacial region.
Presence of spurs.
Light eyes.
Atypical bark.
 
12.2 Serious faults
Scarce pigmentation of the nose.
Excessively hanging lips.
Two eyes of different colour.
Excessive prognathism.
Specimen with a slight sighthound aspect.
Front and rear feet turning inward or outward.
Absence of premolars.
Unbalanced character, shyness, etc.
Weak appearance and poor build.
Head with incorrect proportions cranium – muzzle.
Coiling tail, of the same thickness in its length, cut out or
deformed.
 
12.3 Eliminatory faults
Monorchid, chryptorchid or castrated specimens.
White markings exceeding 30 % or with markings on the
back.
Enognathism.
Total depigmentation of the nose or labial mucosa.
 
(Recommended by the Spanish Club of
the Perro de Presa Canario)

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